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Both commoners and nobles who captured enemy warriors moved up in military rank or became members of military orders.
Many nobles joined the army professionally and functioned as the command core of the army. While the Aztec economy depended on trade, tribute and agriculture, the real business of the empire was war.
Through war, the Aztec Empire gained tribute from conquered enemies. Expanding the empire through further conquests strengthened the empire and brought more riches in tribute.
For this reason, the emperor rewarded successful warriors of both classes with honors, the right to wear certain garments in distinctive colors, nobility for the commoners and higher status for nobles and land.
Every Aztec warrior could, if he captured enemy warriors, advance far in society. Rank in the military required bravery and skill on the battlefield and capture of enemy soldiers.
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Release Dates. Official Sites. Company Credits. Technical Specs. Plot Summary. Plot Keywords. Parents Guide. External Sites. At age twenty, those who wanted to become warriors officially went to war.
The parents of the youth sought out veteran warriors, bringing them foods and gifts with the objective of securing a warrior to be the sponsor of their child.
Ideally, the sponsor would watch over the youth and teach him how to take captives. However, the degree to which the warrior looked after and helped the noble's child depended greatly on the amount of payment received from the parents.
Thus, sons of high nobility tended to succeed more often in war than those of lower nobility. However, while parallels can be drawn between the organization of Aztec and Western military systems, as each developed from similar functional necessities, the differences between the two are far greater than the similarities.
The members of the Aztec army had loyalties to many different people and institutions, and ranking was not based solely on the position one held in a centralized military hierarchy.
Thus, the classification of ranks and statuses cannot be defined in the same manner as that of the modern Western military.
Next were the commoners yaoquizqueh. And finally, there were commoners who had taken captives, the so-called tlamanih.
Ranking above these came the nobles of the "warrior societies". These tlahuiztli became gradually more spectacular as the ranks progressed, allowing the most excellent warriors who had taken many captives to stand out on the battlefield.
The higher ranked warriors were also called "Pipiltin". Commoners excelling in warfare could be promoted to the noble class and could enter some of the warrior societies at least the Eagles and Jaguars.
Sons of nobles trained at the Calmecac, however, were expected to enter into one of the societies as they progressed through the ranks.
Warriors could shift from one society and into another when they became sufficiently proficient; exactly how this happened is uncertain. Each society had different styles of dress and equipment as well as styles of body paint and adornments.
Tlamanih captor was a term that described commoners who had taken captives within the Aztec army, particularly those who had taken one captive.
Two captive warriors, recognizable by their red and black tlahuiztli and conical hats. Papalotl lit. Those Aztec warriors who demonstrated the most bravery and who fought well became either jaguar or eagle warriors.
Of all of the Aztec warriors, they were the most feared. Both the jaguar and eagle Aztec warriors wore distinguishing helmets and uniforms.
The jaguars were identifiable by the jaguar skins they wore over their entire body, with only their faces showing from within the jaguar head.
The eagle Aztec warriors, on the other hand, wore feathered helmets including an open beak. In the historical sources, it is often difficult to discern whether the word otomitl "Otomi" refers to members of the Aztec warrior society or members of the ethnic group who also often joined the Aztec armies as mercenaries or allies.
A celebrated member of this warrior sect was Tzilacatzin. Their bald heads and faces were painted one-half blue and another half red or yellow.
They served as imperial shock troops and took on special tasks as well as battlefield assistance roles when needed. Over six captives and dozens of other heroic deeds were required for this rank.
They apparently turned down captaincies in order to remain constant battlefield combatants. Recognizable by their yellow tlahuitzli, they had sworn not to take a step backward during a battle on pain of death at the hands of their comrades.
Because the Aztec empire was maintained through warfare or the threat of war with other cities, the gathering of information about those cities was crucial in the process of preparing for a single battle or an extended campaign.
Also of great importance was the communication of messages between the military leaders and the warriors on the field so that political initiatives and collaborative ties could be established and maintained.
As such, intelligence and communication were vital components in Aztec warfare. The four establishments principally used for these tasks were merchants, formal ambassadors, messengers, and spies.
Merchants, called pochteca singular: pochtecatl , were perhaps the most valued source of intelligence to the Aztec empire.
As they traveled throughout the empire and beyond to trade with groups outside the Aztec's control, the king would often request that the pochteca return from their route with both general and specific information.
General information, such as the perceived political climate of the areas traded in, could allow the king to gauge what actions might be necessary to prevent invasions and keep hostility from culminating in large-scale rebellion.
As the Aztec's empire expanded, the merchant's role gained increasing importance. Because it became harder to obtain information about distant sites in a timely way, especially for those outside the empire, the feedback and warning received from merchants were invaluable.
Often, they were the key to the Aztec army's successful response to external hostility. If a merchant was killed while trading, this was a cause for war.
The Aztecs' rapid and violent retaliation following this event is testament to the immense importance that the merchants had to the Aztec empire.
Merchants were very well respected in Aztec society. When merchants traveled south, they transported their merchandise either by canoe or by slaves, who would carry a majority of the goods on their backs.
If the caravan was likely to pass through dangerous territory, Aztec warriors accompanied the travelers to provide much-needed protection from wild animals and rival cultures.
In return, merchants often provided a military service to the empire by spying on the empire's many enemies while trading in the enemy's cities.
Once the Aztecs had decided to conquer a particular city Altepetl , they sent an ambassador from Tenochtitlan to offer the city protection.
They would showcase the advantages cities would gain by trading with the empire. The Aztecs, in return, asked for gold or precious stones for the Emperor.
They were given 20 days to decide their request. If they refused, more ambassadors were sent to the cities.
However, these ambassadors were used as up front threats. Instead of trade, these men would point out the destruction the empire could and would cause if the city were to decline their offer.
They were given another 20 days. There were no more warnings. The cities were destroyed and their people were taken as prisoners. The Aztecs used a system in which men stationed approximately 4.
For example, the runners might be sent by the king to inform allies to mobilize if a province began to rebel. Messengers also alerted certain tributary cities of the incoming army and their food needs, carried messages between two opposing armies, and delivered news back to Tenochtitlan about the outcome of the war.
While messengers were also used in other regions of Mesoamerica, it was the Aztecs who apparently developed this system to a point of having impressive communicative scope.
Prior to mobilization, formal spies called quimichtin lit. Mice were sent into the territory of the enemy to gather information that would be advantageous to the Aztecs.
Specifically, they were requested to take careful note of the terrain that would be crossed, fortification used, details about the army, and their preparations.
A good example of this is the Tlacochcalcatl, known as the Keeper of the house of darts who was a general rank. When the Aztec youths starting training on the battlefield or in war, they were classified into certain ranks.
As they progressed and proved their worth they would be able to become a youth master and later a full time warrior, once they reached manhood or made their first captive.
Commoners were used in the Aztec military, to assist in battle, and to carry supplies and weapons for the rest of the troops. These assistants were known as porters, or tlamemeh.
In addition to the normal Aztec priests, there were also religious priests who were also warriors.
Aztec Warrior Casino Was Ist Eine Lootbox. - Aztec Warrior (GER) 2015Ablehnen Alle akzeptieren Konfigurieren. These two ranks were the shock troops of Spiele Download Kostenlos Deutsch empire, the special forces of Osnabrück Casino Aztec army, and were Konto Id only Rubbellose Hessen the nobility. As they traveled throughout the empire and beyond to trade with groups outside the Aztec's control, the king would often request that the pochteca return from their route with both general and specific information. Berkeley: University of California Press. The sounds and colors of Power: The sacred metallurgica technology of ancient West Mexico. Ahtlatl : perhaps lit. Contrary to popular ideas, discipline was one of the mainstays of the Aztec military — so much so that drunkenness during Was Ist Eine Lootbox could even result in the death penalty on rare Schmetterlingspiel. This kind Krombacher.De Gewinncode Eingeben warfare was Kickz Monaco by smaller armies after a previous arrangement between the parties involved. The darts used for this weapon were made out of sharpened wood fletched with cotton and usually doused in the neurotoxic secretions from the skin of tree frogs found in jungle areas of central Mexico. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Main article: Ibb Bet military. Other alerting mechanisms were based on smokes and even mirrors made of polished iron pyrites that aided in communication over long Gewinnzyklus Spielautomaten between the xiquipilli units. These birth rituals show the importance of warrior culture to the Aztecs. The eagle Aztec warriors, on the other hand, wore feathered helmets 1xbet Live an open beak. For a comprehensive overview Erotische Paarspiele the Aztec Empire, including its military, religion, and agriculture, click here. They would carry around a small box which contained the jewelry and earplugs from his father. Aztec Warriors The Aztec empire was an empire that expanded rapidly. It's not a surprise that Aztec warriors held a very important place in the culture of central Mexico. But where did the Aztec warrior come from, and what was his life like?. The First type of Aztec warrior was the Eagle Warrior. The Eagle Warriors were the scouts of the Aztec Warriors as well as being good fighters. They were the eyes, ears, the messengers who would find the information necessary to lead and strategize an attack. These warriors often wore helmets adorned with eagle feathers and heads. Aztec warriors were called a cuāuhocēlōtl [kʷaːwo'seːloːt͡ɬ]. The word cuāuhocēlōtl derives from the Eagle warrior cuāuhtli [kʷaːwt͡ɬi] and the Jaguar Warrior ocēlōtl [o'seːloːt͡ɬ]. Those Aztec warriors who demonstrated the most bravery and who fought well became either jaguar or eagle warriors. An Eagle warrior (left) depicted holding a macuahuitl in the Florentine Codex. Eagle warriors or eagle knights (Classical Nahuatl: cuāuhtli [ˈkʷaːwtɬi] (singular) or cuāuhmeh [ˈkʷaːwmeʔ] ()) were a special class of infantry soldier in the Aztec army, one of the two leading military special forces orders in Aztec society, the other being the Jaguar warriors. Aztecas Art Aztec Empire World Mythology Aztec Culture Aztec Warrior Warrior Spirit My Fantasy World Mesoamerican Inca Tlazolteotl "The Filth-Eater" is the Aztec Goddess of purification, steam bath, midwives, filth, and a patroness of adulterers. In Nahuatl, the word tlazolli can refer to vice and diseases.